Fast Fashion Has Swept The World And The Garment Industry Has Become A Major Environmental Killer
- Jul 18, 2018 -

Is there always a piece of clothing in the closet? The trend of Fast Fashion, which is relatively popular, is sweeping the world. H&M, Zara, Uniqlo and other brands have become the favorite of men and women of the trend. When the season is over, the consumer demand is satisfied, and the brand turnover is also rising. However, behind such a consumption pattern, the Earth's ecological crisis has become a serious problem that cannot be ignored.

Carbon emissions in the next year accounted for 3% of total emissions

Fast fashion has completely subverted the pattern of consumers choosing personal products, making clothes become "disposable" products. According to Greenpeace, an environmental NGO, between 2000 and 2014, global garment production doubled to 100 billion. McKinsey Management Consultants' 2016 report and research firm Euromonitor's 2014 survey also pointed out that the global apparel revenue in 2015 was 1.8 trillion US dollars (about NT$30 trillion), an increase of 8 from 2002. Cheng, in 2025 will see 2.1 trillion US dollars (about NT$ 64 trillion), the biggest force behind this is the rise of fast fashion brands.

In recent years, scientists have found that the ready-to-wear industry has become a major environmental killer. According to the 2017 report of the Copenhagen Fashion Summit, the fashion industry consumed nearly 80 billion cubic meters of water in 2015, equivalent to 38.46 times the effective total capacity of 94 reservoirs in Taiwan (including outlying islands); it also produced nearly 1 million Tons of carbon dioxide and 92 million tons of waste. If it covers production, transportation, consumption, washing, drying, dry cleaning, etc., the annual carbon emissions of the fashion industry is about 8.5 megatons of carbon dioxide, accounting for 3% of global emissions.

▋ 1 piece of cotton T used 2720 liters of water

For example, the production of a cotton T-shirt, from cotton planting, weaving and dyeing to production, a total of 2720 liters of water, assuming 2.5 liters of water per person per day, this amount of water can drink 3 year. The amount of water needed to make jeans is even more amazing. One pair of jeans needs 8506 liters of water, enough for one person to shower 122 times.

One of the culprit

The dyeing and finishing process of garments can also cause extremely high pollution. The World Bank estimates that nearly one-fifth of the world's industrial wastewater pollution comes from the textile dyeing and finishing industry. There are up to 72 toxic chemicals in the wastewater, 30 of which cannot be removed. In addition, about 40% of the colorants contain carcinogens.

In order to reduce production costs, the fast fashion industry relies heavily on polyester. Scientists strongly urge people to face up to the serious destructive power of micro-plastics (referred to as plastic particles with a volume of less than 5 mm), but in addition to the common plastic bottles such as bottles, straws, etc., clothes are actually a source of micro-plastic pollution.

According to the survey of the world's largest International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), 35% of microplastic contamination comes from synthetic fibers. In Europe and Central Asia alone, the micro-plastic fibers released from washing clothes are equivalent to discarding 54 plastic bags per person per week.

While the people are washing clothes, a large amount of micro-plastics will enter the sewers with sewage, some will accumulate on the beach, some will flow into the sea, and become food for plankton, fish and marine mammals. As the food chain moves up, it is likely to appear in people. On the dining table. Most people don't know that they have caused environmental pollution while washing their clothes. At the same time, they may indirectly eat plastic waste.